We have all heard of porous rocks. Did you know porous rocks and bones have something in common?
Porous means having small holes that allow the air and water to pass through the object. The rocks and bones are both porous, meaning the bones also have small holes in them. Osteoporosis literally means porous bone. Well, biology was always the science of health education so this fact is actually a cool science fact. If looked under a microscope, the bones look like honeycomb. When the holes in the bones start getting bigger, they start losing density. This form of the Bone Cracking Disease is known as Osteoporosis.
The lost density in the bones makes them brittle and easy to break. Falling and breaking your bones in while suffering from osteoporosis makes it more severe. This can cause permanent pain and cause some patients to lose height. Next time when you crack a joke and your bone cracks along, please get it checked by the doctor.
Diagnosis- How to determine you’re cracking!
Osteoporosis is a silent disease; you cannot feel your bones going weak. As osteoporosis symptoms are not easy to recognize. You need to be very careful because breaking a bone can be the first sign of developing it. Other signs to look out for are:
• You might also feel your height shortening
• Your upper back starts to curve forward
• Some medicines also cause this, for e.g. medicines containing steroids
• Contraceptives are given by injections
• Cancer treatments
So all aunties and uncles, when you are complaining of pains please actually go to the doctor, before you break something. Fragile bones are a sign, that is even a small trauma causes the bones to crack. Mild traumas such as falling, tripping or hitting an object results in a fracture. Getting a proper screening done is crucial.
Pakistan and its cracked bones
Life expectancy in Pakistan has increased from 46.6 years in 1960 to 65.4 years in 2010 and is projected to reach 72.4 years in 2023. As we see a rise in the old age bracket, the poor nutrition that they are getting is causing an increase in the osteoporosis patients. This is mainly a rise in rural areas. The biggest fear of Pakistani aunties is that going in the sun will make them lose color but lack of vitamin D is a major reason for osteoporosis.
Many people in Pakistan suffer from this deficiency, so a little sun doesn’t hurt, find the right times and soak it in. For the nations favorite fair-skinned people, spend 10-15 minutes every day between, 12:30 to 1:30. For all you dark-skinned people, unfortunately, you have to spend more time, sometimes going up to 2 hours. You can also soak it up between 3:00 pm to 5:00 pm. Let the skin color be because dark skin is better than broken bones. Time it out people, don’t get a sunburn.
Do not, in any case, forget a good heavy sunscreen, without sunscreen you might end up with side effects you didn’t ask for.
Ladies above 65 and men above 70 should be the most careful. Adults over 50 who suffer a fracture are also asked to be more careful. Visit the doctor and get your screening done. This age bracket has the most chances of developing this disease. So stop the cracking before it’s too late. Don’t be stubborn and visit the doctor. Getting the osteoporosis diagnosis at the right time might save you from a lot of pain.
• At a young age, have the right amount of milk
• Do not consume too much caffeine
• Water is a good option rather than a soft drink
• Sit in the sun at the recommended times
• Visit the doctor, get regular check-ups if there is a family history
Crack Jokes Not Bones
Awareness programs are important as many people in Pakistan are not aware of Osteoporosis. Read and be aware of what is going on. Do not take your bones lightly, the day they lighten up your balance of life will be lost. Simple signs like not being able to get up from your chair without using your arms. Having joint pains that just don’t go away. These should not be avoided. So save your bones because you only have so many of them.