Heart Disease And Their Symptoms are much likely to be found in countries that have a pollution problem mostly in developing countries but can be found in developed countries like China also.
Pakistan is one of the countries that is highly exposed to various pollutants which are contributing to many diseases Since pollutants such as diesel and petrol fumes are a major part of the air that we breathe, they have an everlasting impact on our health. Thanks to the high number of smokers in our country, passive smoking also adds to such problems. These pollutants cause our blood vessels to choke up and therefore it has a higher chance of causing heart diseases amongst our people. (bhf team,2018)
According to the World Economic Forum, the cities in Pakistan are among the top 20 cities in the world. Peshawar, Karachi, and Rawalpindi being the main ones with the highest rates. (Tribune,2015). These lead to many heart diseases that are already found in majority parts of the country. Symptoms such as breathing trouble during normal activities, cough getting worse, heartbeat rate above 100, dizziness, nausea, disturbed sleeping patterns are to be taken seriously as these indicate heart diseases. Pakistan has had a drastic increase in the past 2 decades. Statistics for coronary heart disease by (world health rankings) show that Pakistan is ranked on number 13 among the world with a death rate of 246.84 per 100,000. Therefore, being one of the highest in (CHD) in the world. 30-40% of the deaths that occur are actually caused by it. The deaths in Pakistan that are due to CHD are now almost about 20,000 per year which is 410/100,000 of the population of the country.
Heart Disease And Their Symptoms
Smokers, diabetics, obese people as well as people with high cholesterol and high blood pressure are at a major risk of getting heart diseases as compared to the non-smokers, and healthy people. As the tobacco and nicotine in the cigarettes choke up the arteries, high blood pressure, on the other hand, causes uneven blood flow, in both cases the affected person can end up in the hospital with major heart diseases. While patients of high cholesterol can also have their arteries chocked, as cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance found in all the cells of your body which can make blood flow difficult. (medlineplus.gov). Obesity is the root cause of various problems, it can cause diabetes and high cholesterol and blood pressure hence obesity is the leading cause of heart diseases right next to smoking.
Smoking is another contributing factor to the rise in heart diseases. Smoking causes the arteries to choke up, the main reason being the residual of tar and nicotine in your body inhaled through cigarettes. Those who think smoking one cigarette is not going to affect them are actually wrong, smoking in any quantity causes heart problems. Even those who do not smoke end up being affected due to passive smoking or second-hand smoking. That means the smokers leave the effect in the air we breathe causing non-smokers the same health risk.
Heart diseases can also be inherited as well as developed. Such as congenital heart disease. This is a term used for deformities present in the heart that was there since birth. For example, signs of a heart attack septal defects, this is actually a hole between the chambers of the heart, then there comes an obstruction defect. It is blockage of the blood flow through the various chamber of the heart and cyanotic heart disease: defect in the heart that causes lack of oxygen. Therefore, it is important to have a checkup done every two years as the heart is the main organ of the human body and there can be high possibilities that these deformities are not so visible when an individual is small but as they grow the deformity will grow as well and therefore will become life-threatening as well preventing the individual from many things. It extremely important to have a regular heartbeat otherwise the heart can lose its rhythm thus resulting in death.