The simple answer to what is the heart’s function is that it pumps blood. Then why is it given so much importance? Well, blood is the main part of our body that helps us heart function.
It is needed by every organ running inside us, even the fact that it helps us breathe. If any part of the body does not receive enough blood or if there is not enough oxygen in the blood, our organs begin to fail . This is a major health issue Pakistan is facing. The heart here makes sure that the right amount of blood is pumped out to all the parts of the body. If the heart stops functioning the way, it does or any kind of defect occurs we may lose function.
Heart diseases refer to a range of conditions your heart may be suffering from, it also includes blood vessels and coronary artery diseases. It also includes heart defects you may be born with known as congenital heart defects. Heart diseases also go hand in hand with cardiovascular diseases. Referring to the narrowing of blood vessels and arteries. The can also get completely blocked which can result in heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. It may also affect your heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm, they are also considered heart diseases.
The main cause of heart diseases is atherosclerosis, a condition that develops when a substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries causing a blockage and not letting the blood flow properly to and from the heart. These can be avoided with better food intake and regular exercise. Regular visits to the doctor are recommended and even the slightest of discomfort should be discussed so that these diseases can be caught early on. Many times cardiovascular diseases may not be diagnosed till you actually have a heart attack, stroke or feel the angina pain. Hence, the recommended doctor visits to keep yourself in check.
Men and women show different signs if they are developing a heart disease. Men tend to have more chest pains while women may have chest discomfort, shortness of breath, extreme fatigue or nausea. Both men and women are recommended to visit the doctor and get their checkups done as soon as possible so further danger may be averted. Regular checkups are also advised without any symptoms so that your health is kept in check before it’s too late. Many people recover from their first heart attacks and go on to live normal lives. But they have to follow some strict rules so they do not end up in the hospital again.
The treatment for every patient is according to the severity of the heart attack and the heart blockage symptoms. Medications are also recommended accordingly. Many cases are handled with medicines but extreme cases are dealt with immediate surgery to remove the plaque so blood can flow freely. Lack of oxygen in parts of the brain (stroke) can result in functions being lost temporarily or in extreme cases they can take a lifetime to recover. Brain cells are the most dangerous ones to lose because they may not recover easily and once completely dead they may not recover at all (Heart.org).
Heart failure happens when the heart is pumping blood but the body’s requirement of blood and oxygen is not being met. The stroke happens when blood flow to the brain dies and brain cells begin to die. The heart is divided in valves and when these valves don’t open or close properly and the condition called Stenosis occurs. In extreme cases, they need immediate surgery.
Arrhythmia refers to an abnormal heart rhythm. There are various types of arrhythmia. The heart can beat too slow, too fast or irregularly. This irregularity can cause the heart not to pump enough blood, though there are medicines to control this condition. A pacemaker is installed near the heart so that through electrical pulses the heart rate can be normalized. So take care of your heart an avoid health issues.
1) Mayo Clinic